• 1690 : Barclays traces its origins to a goldsmith banking business established in the City of London in 1690.
• 1896 : Several banks in London and the English provinces united under the banner of Barclays and Co..
• 1925 : Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial and Overseas - DCO) was established by the merger of the Colonial Bank, the Anglo Egyptian Bank and the National Bank of South Africa. This goes on to add businesses across Africa, the Middle East, and the West Indies.
• 1991 : Absa was founded in 1991 through the merger of financial service providers United Bank (South Africa), the Allied Bank (South Africa), the Volkskas Bank Group and the Sage Group.
• 1992 : Absa acquired the entire shareholding of the Bankorp Group which included Trustbank, Senbank and Bankfin.. In the early years of this union, each bank operated under its own name.
• 1998 : They were fused into one single brand in 1998. A year later, Absa adopted a new corporate identity and the name was changed into Absa Group Limited.
• 2005 : in May 2005 Barclays Bank purchased a majority stake in Absa. This transaction was Barclays' largest foreign direct investment in South Africa, and its largest investment outside the UK.
• 2013 : Barclays Africa Group Limited was formed through combining Absa Group Limited and Barclays’ African operations on 31 July 2013. Reflecting the enlarged group’s pan-African focus, the Group’s name changed from Absa Group Limited to Barclays Africa Group Limited on 2 August 2013.
Barclays Africa Group Limited has majority stakes in banks in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania (Barclays Bank Tanzania and National Bank of Commerce), Uganda and Zambia. It also has representative offices in Namibia and Nigeria (licence applications submitted) as well as insurance operations in Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia.
Barclays Bank PLC has operations in Egypt and Zimbabwe which are an integral part of its African business. Barclays Africa Group continues to oversee the management of these entities.